PowerPoint Presentation: IPPH Strategic Plan (2009-2014) and Institute Initiatives

Introduction
CIHR
IPPH
IPPH Initiatives
IPPH Strategic Plan
Ethics in the IPPH Strategic Plan
Knowledge Translation, Partnerships, and Capacity Building
Funding Opportunities


 

[Slide 1]

"Health Equity Matters"

CIHR's Institute of Population and Public Health Strategic Plan
2009-2014

Nancy Edwards, RN, PhD
Scientific Director of the
Institute of Population and Public Health
1 February 2010

IPPH website

[Slide 2]

Presentation at a Glance

  • Overview of CIHR Health Research Roadmap
  • Overview of IPPH strategic plan
    • Building on achievements
    • Strategic directions
    • Initiatives in progress

[Slide 3]

CIHR Funding per Research Themes 1999-00 to 2008-09 *

CIHR Funding per Research Themes 1999-00 to 2008-09

* Excludes Canada Research Chairs, Centres of Excellence for Commercialization and Research, Networks of Centres of Excellence, and portion of funding where themes are not specified (EIS)

[Slide 4]

CIHR's Strategic Plan (2009-2014)

A Health Research Roadmap
Creating innovative research for better health and health care

[Slide 5]

Strategic Directions and Alignment with S&T Strategy

Four strategic directions to address health challenges and S&T strategy principle:

1. Invest in World-Class Excellence - Promoting world-class excellence

2. Set Health and Health System Research Priorities - Focussing on priorities and Encouraging partnerships

3. Accelerate the Capture of Health and Economic Benefits of Health Research - Focussing on priorities and Encouraging partnerships

4. Achieve Organizational Excellence, Foster a Culture of Ethics and Demonstrate Impact - Enhancing accountability

[Slide 6]

Set health and health system research priorities

  1. Enhance patient-oriented care by targeting science and using new technologies
  2. Support a high-quality, accessible, and sustainable health care system
  3. Ameliorate the effects of health inequities of Aboriginal peoples and other vulnerable populations
  4. Prepare for and respond to existing and emerging global threats to health
  5. Promote health and reduce the burden of chronic disease and mental illness

[Slide 7]

IPPH The First 7 Years (2001-2008)

[Slide 8]

Environmental and Social Determinants of Health

[Slide 9]

Building on Achievements: CIHR-IPPH Conceptual Framework of Population Health

[Slide 10]

IPPH Program Initiatives Examples 2001-2009

  • 20 reducing health disparities team grants
  • 29 advancing theories, methods and tools grants
  • 7 Centres for Research Development Program
  • 15 applied public health chairs

[Slide 11]

Seven Centres for Research Development

Fifteen Applied Public Health Chairs

[Slide 12]

Seven Centres for Research Development

Public health: Canadian centre for health and safety in agriculture (CCHSA) Univ. of Sask.
Centre for urban health initiatives (CUHI) Univ. of Toronto
Asthma in the workplace Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal
International collaborative centre for the study of social and physical environments and health Univ. of Calgary
The changing physical and social landscape in Atlantic rural Canada Dalhousie
University
Centre d'études et d'interventions sur les inégalités sociales de santé de Montréal Université de Montréal
Reconfiguring physical and social environments to improve health: Research infrastructure development in Atlantic Canada Dalhousie University

[Slide 13]

Fifteen Applied Public Health Chairs

DEWA, Carolyn S Developing Effective Interventions for Mental Illness and Mental Health in the Working Population Health Systems Research & Consulting Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Toronto)
DUNN, James R Interventions in Residential Neighbourhoods and Population Health: A Program of Research, Training, Mentoring and Knowledge Translation St. Michael's Hospital (Toronto)
FISCHER, Benedikt Infectious Diseases, Substance Use, Marginalized Populations and Public Health Simon Fraser University (British Columbia)
FOURNIER, Louise Projet Dialogue: Vers une approche populationnelle en santé mentale Institut national de santé publique du Québec, Université de Montréal
GAUVIN, Lise The Montreal Lifestyle and Neighbourhood Chair in Applied Public Health Médecine sociale et préventive, Université de Montréal
MACDONALD, Marjorie A Chair in Public Health Education and Population Health Interventions Nursing University of Victoria (British Columbia)
MANUEL, Douglas G Population Health Impact Intervention Assessment Tools (PHIIAT) Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (Toronto)
MARTENS, Patricia J What works at the population level? An Applied Public Health Chair program of research focusing on population & public health issues Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba
PARADIS, Gilles Applied Public Health Research Chair in Chronic Diseases Prevention Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University
PLOTNIKOFF, Ronald C Physical Activity for Public Health University of Alberta
RAINE, Kim D Environmental and Population-Based Strategies for Chronic Disease Prevention and the Promotion of Healthy Weights Center for Health Promotion, University of Alberta
SAEWYC, Elizabeth M Building Capacity for Population-Level Monitoring and Interventions for Healthy Youth School of Nursing, University of British Columbia
SARGEANT, Janice M Meeting the zoonotic disease public health challenge: Integrated methodologies for research and application Population Medicine, University of Guelph
SHIELL, Alan The Economics of Population Health Interventions Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary
SHOVELLER, Jean A Public Health Chair in Improving Youth Sexual Health Health Care and Epidemiology, University of British Columbia

[Slide 14]

IPPH Trainees

  • Fifteen training programs related to population and public health supporting 380 trainees (2002-present)
  • Forty-four doctoral and post-doctoral awards in public health (2003-present)
  • Sixty-four Master's of Public Health awards (2003-present)
  • Fifteen Applied Public Health Chairs (2007/8-present)
  • Eight IPPH-IHSPR Annual Summer Institutes with over 240 participants (2002-present)
  • Thirty-one Population and Public Health Student Awards (including the Dr. John Hastings CPHA Student Award) (2004-present)

[Slide 15]

"Health Equity Matters" IPPH Strategic Plan 2009-2014

The IPPH Strategic Plan (2009-2014) Health Equity Matters is available online.

[Slide 16]

Shifting State of the Science: Population and Public Health

  • From understanding determinants to examining the impact of coherent, multi-level interventions and policy
  • From describing socioeconomic gradients to interrogating health inequities and their mitigation
  • From controlling context to understanding the influence of context on interventions
  • From studying intervention components to examining complex interventions within complex adaptive systems

[Slide 17]

Health Equity Matters

[Slide 18]

Vision

  • To be recognized as a world-class institute that demonstrates excellence, innovation, and leadership in the generation and application of population and public health evidence to improve health and promote equity in Canada and globally.

[Slide 19]

Criteria for Selection of Priorities

  • Address tomorrow's population health issues (forward-thinking)
  • Best fit for IPPH functions (i.e. breakthrough, incubation, sustainability, scaling-up, stewardship) within larger set of partnerships
  • Build on existing foundations (partnerships, capacity, state of science), and momentum (both within Canada and globally)
  • Uses Canada's comparative research advantage while extending links to other global partners
  • High potential for direct or indirect impact on health improvements among vulnerable populations in Canada and in lower and middle income countries

[Slide 20]

Strategic Research Priorities

  • Pathways to health equity
  • Population health interventions
  • Implementation systems for population health interventions in public health and other sectors
  • Theoretical and methodological innovations

[Slide 21]

Pathways to Health Equity

Goal: To further our understanding of pathways to health equity.
Objectives:

  • To support research that examines how the interplay of biological, social, cultural, and environmental determinants affects health and how this interplay changes across the life course at multiple levels of social aggregation and through significant societal transitions
  • To foster studies to investigate how intersections of micro- and macro-environments enhance equities or reduce inequities in the health of populations

[Slide 22]

Population Health Interventions

Goal: To examine the impact of complex population health interventions on health and health equity
Objectives:

  • To foster research that examines the impact of population health interventions on health and health equity
  • To support the application of novel measures, research designs, and frameworks in studies of population health interventions

[Slide 23]

Population Health Intervention Research

  • Use of scientific methods to produce knowledge about policy and program interventions that operate within or outside of the health sector and have the potential to impact health at the population level (Population Health Intervention Research Initiative of Canada working definition)
  • Interventions that shift the risk of entire populations or communities by focusing on community/societal-level factors (individual, social, cultural, economic and/or environmental and their interactions) which account for the distribution of risk in a society

[Slide 24]

Implementation systems

Goal: To examine how implementation systems for population health interventions may strengthen or weaken the impact of population health interventions on health and health equity
Objectives:

  • To support research that contributes to our understanding of scaling-up processes for population health interventions that enhance health and health equity
  • To foster research that examines intersectoral implementation options for population health interventions and features of these implementation systems

[Slide 25]

Example: Pandemic Influenza

[Slide 26]

Theoretical and Methodological Innovations

  • Goal: To stimulate theoretical and methodological innovations in knowledge generation, knowledge synthesis, and knowledge integration for population and public health
  • Objectives:
  • To foster development and refinement of theories and methods for the examination of population health interventions and implementation systems to promote equity and reduce inequities in health
  • To foster the development and refinement of ethical frameworks for population health interventions in Canada and globally

[Slide 27]

Ethics in the IPPH Strategic Plan

  • Bioethical approaches shaping clinical interventions in the health sector are grounded in an approach that primarily considers individual rights instead of a collective perspective
  • Framework(s) for population health ethics would make explicit the principles and values for reducing health inequities and improving health equity

[Slide 28]

Population Health Important Ethical Dimensions

  • Socio-structural determinants
    • Relational solidarity (Baylis, Kenny & Sherwin, 2008)
    • Vertical equity (Black & Mooney, 2002)
    • Social justice (Powers & Faden, 2006)

[Slide 29]

Preliminary Steps

  • Annotated Bibliography
    • Summary of selected foundational works relevant to population health ethics
    • Highlights the scope, issues, and debates in the field
  • Journal Club
    • Bring together scholars actively interested in population health ethics for informal, stimulating discussions and debates on the topic
    • Each session will focus on one paper from the annotated bibliography and involve a short presentation by the author followed by discussion
    • 6 sessions, involving approximately 20 registered participants
    • Target launch in February 2010
    • Expected outcomes:
      • Further understanding and refinement of what population health ethics entails, relevant theories, values, and principles, and possible frameworks
      • Identification of key issues for future discussion

[Slide 30]

Knowledge Translation, Partnerships, and Capacity Building

Goal and Objectives:

  • To increase the capacity of the Canadian health research community to lead and collaborate on cutting-edge population and public health research and knowledge translation, both nationally and internationally
  • To support and accelerate the translation of research on population health interventions and implementation systems into practice, programs, and policies within the health and other sectors
  • To build on existing and establish new strategic partnerships that support knowledge generation and translation efforts by researchers and decision-makers working in the field of population and public health in Canada and globally
  • To respond to emerging needs for knowledge generation and knowledge translation (including synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically-sound application of knowledge) that are related to the protection or promotion of the health of the population

[Slide 31]

Past IPPH Cafés Scientifiques

[Slide 32]

National Collaborating Centres for Public Health Funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada

[Slide 33]

POP News

[Slide 34]

IPPH-IHSPR Summer Institute 2010

  • Scientific Chair: Dr. Peter Norton, Professor Emeritus, University of Calgary
  • Theme: Primary Health Care
  • Location: Greater Toronto Area
  • Preliminary Sub-themes:
    • Multi-methods
    • The role of electronic medical records
    • Policy environments
    • Knowledge translation and change implementation
    • Safety in primary healthcare
    • Intersections between primary care and the public health sector

[Slide 35]

Plan for addressing strategic priorities: Initiatives in progress – deadline past

  • Pathways to health equity
    • Catalyst grants (in partnership with PHAC)
  • Theoretical and Methodological Innovations
    • Operating Grant: Innovations in Health Research (in partnership with IHSPR)
      • Develop or enhance novel conceptual theories or frameworks
      • Develop or enhance novel quantitative and qualitative methods and mixed method approaches
      • Develop or assess valid and reliable measurement tools

[Slide 36]

Initiatives in progress – deadline past

  • Multiple IPPH priorities:
    • Knowledge to Action Grants (in partnership with KSE Branch)
      • Increase the uptake and application of knowledge by supporting partnerships between researchers and knowledge-users to bridge a knowledge to action gap

[Slide 37]

Initiatives in progress – deadline past

International Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change

  • Adaptation to climate change is a shared challenge that presents a unique opportunity for collaborative and comparative research to advance knowledge, shape policy and programs, mentor students and facilitate networks

Partners

  • International Development Research Centre
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

[Slide 38]

Initiatives in progress – deadline past

Health systems, ethics and knowledge translation research on the implications of H1N1

  • To support the prompt initiation of research focused on public health and health care system interventions for H1N1 and to study the differential effects of these responses on vulnerable populations

[Slide 39]

Initiatives in progress – deadline past

Teasdale-Corti: Ethics Competition

  • The purpose of this study is to identify and map out the key ethical issues and challenges in global population health research

[Slide 40]

Population and Public Health Student Awards, the Dr. John Hastings CPHA Student Award, and Student Travel Bursaries (awarded annually)

  • Dr. John Hastings CPHA Student Award (one award, PhD student)
  • Population & Public Health Student Awards – Masters Level (up to two awards)
  • Population & Public Health Student Awards – PhD Level (up to two awards)
  • A limited number of travel bursaries for full-time students whose abstracts have been reviewed and accepted for inclusion in the program

[Slide 41]

Initiatives in progress

Multiple IPPH priorities:
Meeting, Planning and Dissemination Grants
i) Dissemination Events

  • Funds are available to encourage and support applications in specific areas that are aligned with CIHR's research priority areas and mandates
  • Available funds: up to $25K per grant for up to one year

ii) Planning Grants

  • Support to individuals or groups for planning activities, that will contribute to the advancement of research consistent with the mandate of CIHR and relevant CIHR Institutes, Initiatives or Branches
  • Available funds: up to $25K per grant for up to one year

iii) Knowledge Translation Supplement

  • Supplemental funding for KT activities following the completion of a CIHR grant/award, or component of a grant/award, when it is appropriate to disseminate the results of the research beyond the traditional scientific community and using methods supplementary to publication in peer reviewed journals
  • Available funds: up to $40K per grant for up to one year

Deadline: February 2nd, 2010
Please visit the website for more information

[Slide 42]

Built Environment: Population Health Intervention Research (led by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada)

  • Letters of Intent due: March 1, 2010
  • Aims of initiative:
    • support intervention research that examines programs, events and/or policy changes related to the built environment (outcome of community planning, design and implementation) and has the potential to address health problems at the population level
    • build population health research capacity in Canada to study the built environment and its impacts on obesity and other heath issues
    • encourage "horizontal" networks and collaboration among the different sectors such as urban planners, researchers from various disciplines (including trainees and new investigators), communities, government, industry, and non-profit organizations; and
    • develop knowledge transfer and exchange (knowledge translation) opportunities between researchers and knowledge users
  • Please visit the website for more information

[Slide 43]

Population Health Intervention Research to Promote Health and Health Equity

  • The purpose of this funding opportunity is to support the prompt initiation of intervention research on rapidly unfolding programs, policies and resource distribution approaches that have the potential to impact health and health equity at the population level. This funding opportunity strongly encourages close collaboration between program implementers (e.g. decision-makers and researchers). Only research projects that are out of the control of the researcher will be considered, meaning that the researcher is not responsible for designing or implementing the intervention
  • The maximum amount awarded for a single grant is $100,000 per year for up to 2 years
  • Please visit the website for further details.

[Slide 44]

Upcoming Funding Opportunities - Programmatic Research

Multi-year research program funding that includes flexibility for researchers to respond to changes and opportunities in the policy and program environment and build sustainable relationships and linkages with decision makers
Virtual capacity building workshops in Programmatic Research:

  • Nancy Edwards, Monday, March 8, 10-11am EST
  • Penny Hawe, Monday, March 29,10-11am EST
  • Paula Goering Monday, April 12, 10-11am EST
[Slide 45]

Global Health

[Slide 46]

CANADA-HOPE Scholarship Program- Fellowship Awards (2010-2011)

  • Application deadline: March 31, 2010
  • Objective: The CANADA-HOPE Scholarship Program is dedicated to improving the health of people in developing countries by further strengthening international collaborative efforts between researchers. The program will enable promising scientists and clinicians from South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa to be mentored by prominent Canadian researchers
  • Value and term: The maximum amount awarded for a single grant is $174,000 for four years. A minimum of 10 awards will be allocated
  • Funding start date: July 1st, 2010
  • Please visit the website for more information

[Slide 47]

2009-2010 CIHR Grants and Awards Guide

  • Policy Changes: Foreign Researchers
  • Principal Applicants are no longer required to have an employment relationship or academic status with a CIHR-eligible Institution. Foreign researchers who do not have such status, but who share responsibility for the direction of the proposed activities, and who meet the eligibility requirements for Principal Applicant as outlined in the Funding Opportunity, may apply as Principal Applicant
  • Foreign researchers applying as Principal Applicants are not required to spend a minimum of six months per year at a Canadian institution. [Note that the requirement for "6-months per year in Canada" (Grant programs only) remains in place for Nominated Principal Applicants]
  • Please consult the guide for more information

[Slide 48]

Thank you

  • Questions or Comments?
  • Please watch our website for additional IPPH funding opportunities posted in early 2010
  • For further information please contact: ipph-ispp@uottawa.ca