PHIRIC working group activities: population health intervention research competenciesPopulation health intervention research (PHIR) is usually conducted by teams of researchers together with community partners and policy leaders. To be competent in PHIR therefore requires a set of competencies that may well extend beyond the knowledge, skills and attitudes that any one individual may possess. They include the following:
- 1.Demonstrate foundational knowledge relevant to PHIR:
- 1.1Demonstrate relevant public and population health knowledge to inform PHIR (including knowledge of health equity, social determinants of health, and planning and/or implementation of population health interventions).
- 1.2Demonstrate and apply knowledge of research and evaluation theories, methods and approaches.
- 1.3Demonstrate understanding of effective partnership models.
- 1.4Demonstrate understanding of the unique characteristics of PHIR.
2.Manage PHIR projects:
- 2.1Prepare PHIR funding proposals in partnership with community partners, policy leaders and interdisciplinary team members.
- 2.2Manage and coordinate project teams, tasks, budgets and timelines.
- 2.3Identify and mitigate potential risks to the research.
- 2.4Develop and maintain partnerships.
- 3.1Describe the particular intervention or focus of the research.
- 3.2Identify relevant research questions in partnership with community partners, policy leaders and interdisciplinary team members.
- 3.3Assess how situational and contextual factors and previously conducted research may influence the focus of the research, as well as the research itself.
- 3.4Assess anticipated and unanticipated outcomes of the intervention.
- 3.5Identify and select appropriate sources of data.
- 3.6Select research methods that are
4.Integrate knowledge translation and exchange within the PHIR process:
- a.Appropriate to the research questions;
- b.Appropriate to the population and/or focus of the research; and
- c.The most rigorous possible in light of feasibility.
5.Carry out PHIR:
- 4.1Facilitate knowledge exchange throughout the research process by collaborating with policy leaders, community partners, decision-makers and other researchers.
- 4.2Synthesize individual research study findings and relate them back to the larger body of knowledge on the topic.
- 4.3Tailor communication to the audience and local context.
- 4.4Disseminate PHIR results to the relevant community, policy and academic audiences.
6.Be a reflective researcher:
- 5.1Collect data that is relevant to the question being asked and takes the context into account.
- 5.2Analyse and interpret data.
- 5.3Formulate and seek feedback on appropriate conclusions based on questions, methods and data.
- 5.4Justify decisions made in the course of designing and carrying out the research.
- 6.1Adhere to a relevant set of professional standards of practice.
- 6.2Apply a relevant set of ethical principles to the research process.
- 6.3Develop professional networks within and outside one’s field.
- 6.4Seek out learning opportunities within and outside one’s field.
- 6.5Reflect on one’s own strengths and limitations as a researcher.
- 6.6Reflect on one’s role in improving population health and health equity.
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