The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) is Canada's major federal funding agency for health research. Its objective is to excel, according to internationally accepted standards of scientific excellence, in the creation of new knowledge and its translation into improved health for Canadians, more effective health services and products, and a strengthened Canadian health care system. The CIHR Institutes support individuals, groups and communities of researchers for the purpose of implementing, within its mandate, the objective of the CIHR.
The Institute of Population and Public Health (IPPH) was created by the Governing Council of CIHR with a very broad mandate, one that is inherently integrative. While there are many national Institutes of Public Health in the world, there appears to be only one "Institute of Population and Public Health." The rationale behind this dual focus is critical to this Institute's strategic plan, since the history of these two fields in Canada is not widely appreciated.
What we do
IPPH plays a dual role in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). It works externally with public health and population health researchers and partners and internally to enable CIHR portfolios and Institutes to meet their Theme 4 mandate under the CIHR Act (i.e., to support research focused on the health of populations, societal and cultural dimensions of health and environmental influences on health).
Research includes but is not limited to:
- health promotion policies and strategies (individual, community, and population based); related health outcomes research
- health determinants - to elucidate the multi-dimensional factors that affect the health of populations and lead to a differential prevalence of health concerns
- identification of health advantage and health risk factors related to the interaction of environments (cultural, social, psychological, behavioural, physical, genetic)
- methods and practice; education, information management, communications
- disease, injury and disability prevention strategies at the individual and population levels; identification and study of special populations (e.g. rural populations)
- environment and health (e.g. radiation, contaminants, ecosystem and health, air quality)
- socio-economic and cultural determinants of health (e.g. poverty, social status, access to services, literacy, community characteristics)
- public and community health issues - surveillance, monitoring, information and data, laboratory studies (e.g. safe water)
- workplace and occupational health research including physical, chemical, biological and organizational factors in the workplace
- health policy formation at community, regional, provincial, national and international levels; relation to health outcomes
- basic methodology development (e.g. epidemiology, biostatistics, survey development, surveillance tools, tools for risk evaluation, risk perception, modeling complex interactions)
- multiple interventions research to determine the best combination of interventions, providers, and conditions to address population health issues
- underlying mechanisms through which social and physical environments influence human biology
- development and implementation of health technologies and tools (e.g. surveillance technologies, detection devices, database design)
- ethics issues related to population health (e.g. poverty, exposure to hazards)